Recycling as substantially of a car or truck as attainable when it, or elements of it, arrive at the finish of life has been a precedence for several years now, but a astonishingly uncomfortable material to recycle is a car’s windscreen.
A new, 1-calendar year pilot job in between Audi and a range of companions from the glass manufacturing company is predicted to improve that, but the activity is not quite as uncomplicated as it sounds.
The primary component of glass is silica sand, melted down with a few other additives. Until now, recycled automotive windscreen glass has only been in good shape for generating bottles and not been of substantial sufficient top quality to satisfy the protection needs required for vehicle windscreens. A windscreen is laminated, a sandwich with glass taking the place of bread and polymer the filling, which is typically polyvinyl butyral (PVB).
After the two items of glass have been lower and reheated on a mould to create the shape, the three factors are pressed together and heated in an autoclave (a massive stress cooker), bonding them collectively. A screen may well also incorporate great wire heating features or an aerial and be equipped with a rain sensor and interior mirror mount. All of these points, moreover the PVB, is what can make it so tricky to recycle it into pure-sufficient glass to reuse it as windscreen material.
So how is the challenge aiming to defeat the dilemma? Just after the cracked and broken screens have been gathered at dealerships, 1 of the job partners, Reiling Glas Recycling, crushes the damaged screens and employs magnets, non-ferrous metallic separators, extraction models and electro-optical sorting units to get rid of all the scrap. Right after that, the glass granules go off to Saint-Gobain Glass, where by it’s divided by color.
To make new plate glass, the granules, which by then are as pure as attainable, are blended with quartz sand, sodium carbonate and chalk (posh title: calcium carbonate). Of that, amongst 30% and 50% of the mixture is composed of the recycled glass, but the job workforce hopes to enhance on that as time goes on.
The uncooked content is processed into massive rectangles of plate glass measuring 3m by 6m just before heading to an associate enterprise, Saint-Gobain Sekurit, which turns it into automotive-grade glass. Recycling laminated protection glass in this way is claimed to make 30% fewer CO2 than starting from scratch.
If the challenge is effective and the go-ahead is provided to transfer into entire production, Saint-Gobain Glass is planning to procedure up to 30,000 tonnes of the crushed glass shards into superior-top quality automotive glass a 12 months, some of which will be made use of in the Audi Q4 E-tron.
With that sum of product currently being recycled, the glass maker claims it will help save purely natural means, which include water, and the electrical power discounts will equate to a every day reduction in CO2 emissions of 75 tonnes.